Landmines in Our Environment

Landmines are explosive devices activated by people or vehicles. A landmine consists of an explosive substance contained in some kind of casing (wood, metal or plastic), and a detonator. Landmines generally belong to one of two categories: anti-tank or anti-personnel. Experts working in the field use additional classification categories according to the mine activation mechanism.

Unexploded ordnance (UXO, also referred to as unexploded cluster munitions) includes mortar mines, bombs, cartridges, grenades and similar weapons that have been fired but have not exploded on collision with the ground or other solid surface as expected. The proportion of unexploded ordnance out of the total munitions fired varies widely, depending on a range of factors including the age of the ammunition, the conditions in which it has been stored, the method of usage and the given environmental conditions at the time of firing.

Landmines were first used as far back as the nineteenth century but came into mass use only during the Second World War (1939-1945). Since then they have been used extensively in international and civil armed conflicts, continuing to pose a hazard long after a conflict has ended. Unexploded ordnance is perhaps an even greater threat than landmines to societies emerging from war.

Global threat
In Europe
In Bosnia and Herzegovina
Protection rules

© The Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe