Soil is at the upper level of the Earth’s surface, the base on which our planet’s land life has developed. Plants are connected to the soil by their root system, through which they draw nutrients and water. Soil is considered to be alive because it is inhabited by many living organisms. Moreover, it is always in a process of formation or destruction (erosion).

About soil
Basic soil functions
Problems and threats to the soil
In Central and Eastern Europe
What people can do

© The Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe